Isḥaq of Antioch (fl. 5th cent.)

Priest and writer. According to a letter from Yaʿqub of Edessa to Yuḥanon of Litarba (Letter 14; ms. Brit. Libr. Add. 12,172, f. 123r–v), Isḥaq was a well-known priest in Edessa who flourished during the time of the emperor Zeno (ca. 474–91). During the time of Peter the Fuller (ca. 471–88), Isḥaq went to Antioch where he became involved in the controversy then raging over the Trisagion. According to Yaʿqub (cf. also, Chronica Minora, vol.  2, 217), Isḥaq saw a man who was carrying around a parrot that had been trained to recite the Trisagion against those who opposed its addition to the liturgy. Isḥaq was so impressed by this sight that he wrote a long memrā on this event. It is the longest memrā in the collection of his works and is perhaps his best known title, though its contents are far less known. It is likely that this is the same Isḥaq whom the Chronicle of Edessa and other sources claim flourished in the 450s. The Chronicle of Michael Rabo (II.viii.9) and the dependent Ecclesiastical Chronicle of Bar ʿEbroyo (I.165) both seem to have conflated this Isḥaq with Isḥaq of Edessa.

To this Isḥaq is attributed a very large corpus of works which remains only partially and incompletely edited. Approximately two hundred works have been identified, nearly all of which are memre written in the seven syllable meter. Many are on ascetic subjects, although there are many on biblical and theological themes. Some of these works have also been combed for the data they reveal on contemporary practices of local pagan worship. All the works in this corpus cannot have come from the same hand. Although their early transmission is almost entirely in mss. of W.-Syr. provenance, the later ms. tradition occasionally attributes some of them to the great E.-Syr. mystic Isḥaq of Nineveh.

    Primary Sources

    • P. Bedjan, Homiliae S. Isaaci Syri Antiocheni, vol. 1 (1903).
    • G.  Bickell, Sancti Isaaci Antiochi Doctoris syrorum opera omnia, syriace, arabiceque primus edidit, latine vertit (2 vols.; 1873–7).

    Secondary Sources

    • Assemani, BibOr, vol. 1, 207–34.
    • T.  Bou Mansour, ‘Une clé pour la distinction des écrits des Isaac d’Antioche’, ETL 79 (2003), 365–402.
    • T.  Bou Mansour, ‘La distinction des écrits des Isaac d’Antioche: Les œuvres inédites’, JEastCS 57 (2005), 1–46.
    • T.  Bou Mansour, ‘Les discours à caractère christologique et leur appartenance aux Isaac (d’Antioche)’, OC 89 (2005), 8–42.
    • T.  Bou Mansour, ‘Les écrits ascétiques ou “monastiques” d’Isaac d’Antioche’, JEastCS 59 (2007), 49–84.
    • M.  van  Esbroeck, ‘The memra on the parrot by Isaac of Antioch’, JTS ns 47 (1996), 464–76.
    • E. G.  Mathews, Jr., ‘A bibliographical clavis to the corpus of works attributed to Isaac of Antioch’, Hugoye 5.1 (2002). (incl. further references)
    • E. G.  Mathews, Jr., ‘The works attributed to Isaac of Antioch: A[nother] preliminary checklist’, Hugoye 6.1 (2003).


How to Cite This Entry

Edward G. Mathews, Jr., “Isḥaq of Antioch,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishaq-of-Antioch.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

Edward G. Mathews, Jr., “Isḥaq of Antioch,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishaq-of-Antioch.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Mathews, Edward G.Jr. “Isḥaq of Antioch.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishaq-of-Antioch.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishaq-of-Antioch/tei.

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