John of Damascus (d. ca. 750)
Greek theologian and poet. After an early administrative career he became a monk of the monastery of Mar Saba, near Jerusalem. The only traces of his theological works in Syriac are citations in the Letter of Eliya to Leon, the Melkite bp. of Ḥarran (ed. A. Van Roey, CSCO 469–70; 1985). By contrast, his poetry fared better and several of his liturgical canons were soon translated into Syriac, along with ones by Cosmas of Jerusalem and other Palestinian poets (cf. ms. Sinai Syr. Fragment 39 of 8th cent.). Some of these texts were taken over into Syr. Orth. liturgical tradition (noted by Bar ʿEbroyo, ‘Ethicon’, I.5.4). John’s canon for the Resurrection features, almost in full, in the Syrian Catholic edition of the Fenqitho (vol. 5, Mosul, 1892, 342–6).
- CPG 8040–8127.
- A. Baumstark, ‘Der jambische Pfingstkanon des Johannes von Damaskus in einer alten melchitisch-syrischen Übersetzung veröffentlicht’, OC 36 (1941), 205–23.
- R. F. Glei, ‘John of Damascus’, in Christian-Muslim relations, ed. Thomas and Roggema, 295–301.
- A. Louth, John of Damascus (2002). (for the wider background)
- E. Sachau, ‘Studie zur syrischen Kirchenlitteratur der Damascene’, Sitzungsberichte der königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, phil.-hist. Kl. 27 (1899), 502–27. (On texts in Berlin, Petermann 28)
How to Cite This Entry
Footnote Style Citation with Date:
Sebastian P. Brock, “John of Damascus,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/John-of-Damascus.
Bibliography Entry Citation:
Brock, Sebastian P. “John of Damascus.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/John-of-Damascus.
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