Yuḥanon Naqar (before 9th cent.) [Syr. Orth]

Ascetic author. Yuḥanon was a W.-Syr. (most likely Syr. Orth.) ascetic on the Holy Mountain near Edessa. He lived before the 9th cent. and his name Naqar (possibly related to the verb nqar) may be an allusion to the fact that he personally carved out his own monastic cell in the rock. Various popular W.-Syr. monastic anthologies have preserved a number of ascetic fragments dealing with simple themes such as genuflections (burke), the Simple Law (of staying away from the world), seclusion, and voluntary poverty. Two fragments are of a more mystic character and deal with the participation in the Holy Mysteries and with baptism. John was held in high esteem by the Syr. Orth. community who called him Sobo qadisho ‘the holy Elder’ Naqar.

Sources

  • Barsoum, Scattered pearls, 324.
  • H. G. B.  Teule, ‘Jean Nāqar, auteur ascétique syro-occidental’, ParOr 23 (1998), 61–78. (Syr. with FT)


How to Cite This Entry

Herman G. B. Teule, “Yuḥanon Naqar,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Yuhanon-Naqar.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

Herman G. B. Teule, “Yuḥanon Naqar,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Yuhanon-Naqar.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Teule, Herman G. B. “Yuḥanon Naqar.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Yuhanon-Naqar.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Yuhanon-Naqar/tei.

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