Fig. 9. Basilica of Kharab Shams, Syria, built in the 4th cent. and partially reconstructed in the 5th cent. One of the many abandoned Christian monuments in the region between Aleppo and Antioch. Photo: Annewies van den Hoek. See I. Peña, The Christian art of Byzantine Syria (1996), 64–65. See entry: Art and architecture.