Çiçek, Julius Yeshu (1941–2005) [Syr. Orth.]

He was born in Upper Kafro and studied Syriac in Dayr al-Zaʿfarān under Dolabani who ordained him a deacon in 1958. In 1961 he became a monk and became the principal of the seminary at Monastery of Mor Gabriel in 1962. In 1977 he became a Patriarchal Vicar to Central Europe and the Benelux, and he was consecrated a bp. in 1979. He established St. Ephrem Monastery in the Netherlands at Glane-Losser, and he was instrumental in the establishment of two other monasteries in Europe, i.e., Mar Awgen in Switzerland and Mar Yaʿqub in Germany (Warburg). He established Bar Hebraeus Verlag where he edited and published many books scribed in his own hand prior to the development of computer fonts, then moved to using computer fonts. He established and edited Kolo Süryoyo from 1978 until his death in 2005. Most of the anonymous editorials, articles, and news reports written in Syriac in Kolo Süryoyo are by him, but he rarely published works under his own name.

See Fig. 36.


  • Abūna, Adab, 582.
  • S. P.  Brock, ‘Mor Yulius Yeshu Çiçek (1942–2005): Syrian Orthodox Metropolitan of Middle Europe’, Sobornost/ECR 27.2 (2005), 57–62.
  • S. P.  Brock, ‘H. E. Mor Julius Yeshu Çiçek: an appreciation’,Qolo Suryoyo 147 (2005), 41–5.
  • Munūfar Barṣūm, Aḍwāʾ, 187–8.
  • G.  Rabo, ‘In memoriam Mor Julius Yeshu Çiçek’,Qolo Suryoyo 147 (2005), 2–26. (with his bibliography)

| Çiçek, Julius Yeshu |


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