Diodore of Tarsus (late 4th cent.)

Greek author of theological and exegetical works ( CPG 3815–22), bp. of Tarsus. A native of Antioch, and teacher of John Chrysostom and Theodore of Mopsuestia, he was renowned in his own day as an exegete. As an important representative of Antiochene christology and exegesis, his works came under a cloud, along with those of Theodore, in the 6th cent. and so much has been lost, though his Commentary on Psalms escaped thanks to its re-attribution to Anastasius (Ps. 1–50, ed. J.-M. Olivier, CCSG 6, 1980; the remainder in PG 33). Although he is regarded as one of the three ‘Greek Doctors’ (with Theodore and Nestorius) in the Ch. of E., most of what survives in Syriac comes from hostile sources. Quotations from, or references to, his ‘On Providence’, however, are to be found notably in Dadishoʿ and Isḥaq of Nineveh.

Sources

  • CPG 3815–3822.
  • L.  Abramowski, ‘Diodore de Tarse’, in DHGE , vol. 14 (1960), 496–504.
  • R.  Abramowski, ‘Der theologische Nachlass des Diodor von Tarsus’, ZNW 42 (1949), 19–69.
  • M.  Brière, ‘Quelques fragments syriaques de Diodore, évêque de Tarse (378–394?)’, ROC 30 (1946), 231–83. (with FT; excerpts previously ed. de Lagarde, Analecta Syriaca, 91–100).
  • C.  Schäublin, Untersuchungen zu Methode und Herkunft der antiochenischen Exegese (1974), 15–18, 43–55.


How to Cite This Entry

Sebastian P. Brock, “Diodore of Tarsus,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Diodore-of-Tarsus.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

Sebastian P. Brock, “Diodore of Tarsus,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Diodore-of-Tarsus.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Brock, Sebastian P. “Diodore of Tarsus.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Diodore-of-Tarsus.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Diodore-of-Tarsus/tei.

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