Israel of Alqosh (around the end of the 16th and the first decades of the 17th cent.) [Ch. of E.]
E.-Syr. priest, poet, scholar, and scribe, founder of the Shikwānā (or Qashā) family of scribes. He is considered the leader and inspirer of the so-called School of Alqosh. A number of liturgical works in Classical Syriac are attributed to him: a revision of the E.-Syr. calendar, preserved in an Alqosh ms. dated 1705; a ʿonithā ‘On Repentance’ (1590/1; ed. G. Cardahi, De arte poetica Syrorum , 97–100); a turgāmā, preserved in a ms. dated 1726, now in Cambridge; a number of ḥuttāme ‘funeral hymns’ and funeral laments, preserved in various 18th- or 19th-cent. mss. of European and Iraqi collections (e.g., ms. Groningen, Add. 326, f. 139b–141b). Scribal headings and authorial or editorial interventions in the text lead us to attribute to Israel the following dorekyāthā in Sureth: ‘On Perfection’ (dated 1610/1 in the text), ‘On the Sin of Man’ (a poetic adaptation of the Syriac Revelation of Paul), and ‘On Shmuni and her Seven Sons’ (1610/1 or 1631/2).
- A. Mengozzi, A Story in a Truthful Language (CSCO 590; 2002), 57–61. (incl. further references)
How to Cite This Entry
Footnote Style Citation with Date:
Alessandro Mengozzi, “Israel of Alqosh,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Israel-of-Alqosh.
Bibliography Entry Citation:
Mengozzi, Alessandro. “Israel of Alqosh.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Israel-of-Alqosh.
A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Israel-of-Alqosh/tei.