Theodosios of Edessa (late 8th – early 9th cent.) [Syr. Orth.]
Metropolitan bp. of Edessa, author, and translator. He was the older brother of Patr. Dionysios of Tel Maḥre and, like his brother, had been a monk at Qenneshre. His consecration as bp. took place under Patr. Quryaqos (d. 817) and was followed by some agitation among the Edessenians, which Quryaqos, however, was able to lay to rest (Michael Rabo, XII.7; Syr. 493; FT 3.28). Theodosios accompanied his brother on a trip to Egypt in 824/5. According to Barsoum, he died in 832.
Theodosios is the author of a historical work. This is not preserved, but it was referred to and used by his brother Dionysios, and through him it was known to Michael Rabo. In addition, Bar ʿEbroyo (Ecclesiastical History, ed. Abbeloos and Lamy, vol. 1, 361–64) attributes to him a Syriac translation of the poems (mušḥoto) of Gregory of Nazianzus. One poem, transmitted in ms. Vat. Syr. 96 (no. 20; S. E. and J. S. Assemani, Bibliothecae Apostolicae Vaticanae … Catalogus, I.2 , 521) specifically attributes the translation to Theodosios, while he was priest in Edessa, and dates the translation to the year 802 (A. Gr. 1113, June to A. Gr. 1114, Dec.). This translation seems to be identical to the one preserved in ms. Vat. Syr. 105 (which was misdated by the Assemanis and belongs to the 9th cent.). Since these poems have been translated on three different occasions (see Gregory of Nazianzus), it is not always possible to distinguish between the work of each translator.
- Barsoum, Scattered pearls , 381–2.
- Baumstark, Literatur, 276.
- J. Bollig and H. Gismondi, S. Gregorii Theologi liber carminum iambicorum. Versio syriaca antiquissima, 2 vol. (1895–96). (the first vol. contains the text of ms. Vat. Syr. 105)
- C. Crimi, ‘Fra tradizione diretta et tradizione indiretta: Note alla versione siriaca dei «Carmi» di Gregorio Nazianzeno’, in La diffusione dell’eredità classica nell’età tardoantica e medievale, vol. 1, ed. A. Valvo (1997), 83–93. (with further references)
How to Cite This Entry
Footnote Style Citation with Date:
Lucas Van Rompay, “Theodosios of Edessa,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Theodosios-of-Edessa.
Bibliography Entry Citation:
Van Rompay, Lucas. “Theodosios of Edessa.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Theodosios-of-Edessa.
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