Yeshuʿ bar Khayrun (1275–1335) [Syr. Orth.]

Author. He was born in 1275 in Ḥaḥ (Ṭur ʿAbdin) as the son of the teacher and priest Ṣlibo, son of the priest Isḥoq bar Khayrun. In 1299 he became monk in a monastery dedicated to Mary in the neighborhood of Manazgirt (to the north of Lake Van) and priest. Later on, he lived with his father in the Monastery of the Water-Drop (Dayro d-Noṭpho; Arab. Dayr al-Nāṭif or al-Qaṭra), which looks down on Dayr al-Zaʿfarān. He died there on 19  Aug. 1335. He is the author of several poems, a number of which are of liturgical content, as well as of Rules for priests and deacons, and a commentary to the Lexicon of Bar Bahlul. According to the 15th-cent. author Dawid Puniqoyo (known in Arabic as Dāwūd al-Ḥimṣī) he is one of the three men who after the demise of Syriac literature distinguished themselves through their writings (Graf). In addition, Yeshuʿ copied a number of Syriac manuscripts. His father Ṣlibo is also known as an author and copyist.


  • Baumstark, Literatur, 327.
  • Barsoum, Scattered pearls, 489–91.
  • Graf, GCAL, vol. 2, 281. (‘Yašūʿ ibn Ğabrūn’ should be read: Khayrūn).
  • H.  Kaufhold, ‘Über zwei westsyrische Schriftsteller des 14. Jahrhunderts: Ješūʿ (Īšōʿ) bar Ḫairūn und sein Vater Ṣlīḇō’, in Syrisches Christentum weltweit. Studien zur syrischen Kirchengeschichte. Festschrift Wolfgang Hage, ed. M.  Tamcke, W. Schwaigert, and E. Schlarb (1995), 116–26.
  • A.  Vööbus, ‘Īšō bar Kirūn. A supplement to the history of Syriac literature’, OCP 38 (1972), 253–5.

| Yeshuʿ bar Khayrun |


Front Matter A (73) B (53) C (26) D (36) E (27) F (5) G (30) H (22) I (31) J (15) K (11) L (12) M (56) N (19) O (3) P (28) Q (11) R (8) S (71) T (39) U (1) V (5) W (3) X (1) Y (41) Z (4) Back Matter
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