Zacharias, Pseudo-

A 6th-cent. anonymous Syr. Orth. author, possibly a monk, who compiled a variety of sources into a chronicle in Syriac, including the 6th-cent. Ecclesiastical History of Zacharias Rhetor bp. of Mitylene, who died after 536. Books I–II of Pseudo-Zacharias include among others the history of Joseph and Aseneth, the Acts of St. Silvester of Rome, and the Legend of the Sleepers of Ephesus. Books III–VI contain the Syriac translation of the Ecclesiastical History by Zacharias Rhetor. The reigns of Anastasius and Justin I are the subjects of Parts VII–VIII, while the reign of Justinian and Justin II up to the year 569 are the subjects of Parts IX–XII. The rest of the Chronicle to Book XII is fragmentary. The importance of this document resides in the fact that it deals with the later 5th and 6th cent., a time of intense christological controversies that divided Christianity into several denominations.

Sources

  • K.  Ahrens and G.  Krüger, Die sogenannte Kirchengeschichte des Zacharias Rhetor (1899). (GT)
  • E. W.  Brooks, Historia Ecclesiastica Zachariae Rhetori vulgo adscripta (CSCO 83–84, 87–88; 1919–1924). (Syr. with LT)
  • G.  Greatrex, ‘Le pseudo-Zacharie de Mytilène et l’historiographie syriaque au sixième siècle’, in L’Historiographie syriaque, ed. M. Debié (ÉtSyr 6; 2009), 33–55.
  • G.  Greatrex and R.  Phenix, The Chronicle of Pseudo-Zachariah Rhetor (TTH 55; 2011). (ET of Books III–XII; incl. further references)
  • F. J.  Hamilton and E. W.  Brooks, The Syriac Chronicle Known as that of Zachariah of Mitylene (1899). (ET)


How to Cite This Entry

Amir Harrak , “Zacharias, Pseudo-,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Zacharias-Pseudo-.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

Amir Harrak , “Zacharias, Pseudo-,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Zacharias-Pseudo-.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Harrak, Amir. “Zacharias, Pseudo-.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Zacharias-Pseudo-.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Zacharias-Pseudo-/tei.

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