Chaldeans

1. Members of the Chaldean Catholic Church. Those from the Ch. of E. who joined the Roman communion were first called Chaldeans in the brief Benedictus sit Deus of Pope Eugenius IV (1445) in order to distinguish them from ‘Nestorian’ heretics.

2. A term used in modern times for the ethnic group comprising both Chald. Catholics and members of the Assyrian Ch. of E. The idea that E.-Syr. Christians were properly called Chaldeans on account of a historical connection with the ancient people of that name can be found in 19th-cent. books by W. Ainsworth, A. H. Layard, and Hormuzd Rassam. This idea was taken up by P. Nasri (1905) and Addai Scher (1912) and then by other nationalistic writers from the Chaldean church who wanted an alternative to the Assyrian ethnology that was linked to the Assyrian Ch. of E. Recent writers have taken a more nuanced position, allowing both names, Assyrian and Chaldean, as ‘symbols of ethnic identity and pride’ appropriate to Christians with ancient roots in Mesopotamia, yet preferring Chaldean as reflecting ‘a more comprehensive and generic identity’ (S. Jammo).

Sources



How to Cite This Entry

James F. Coakley, “Chaldeans,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Chaldeans.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

James F. Coakley, “Chaldeans,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Chaldeans.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Coakley, James F. “Chaldeans.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Chaldeans.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Chaldeans/tei.

Show more information...

| Chaldeans |

Browse: A x

Browse

Front Matter (6)A (78)
Aba IAba II of KashkarAbaAbba Isaiah see Isaiah of Scetis ʿAbdishoʿ bar BahrīzʿAbdishoʿ bar BrikhaʿAbdishoʿ of GazartaʿAbdullāh I bar SṭephanosʿAbdullāh II SaṭṭūfʿAbdulmasīḥ IIAbgar the HagiographerAbgarids of EdessaAbraham bar DashandadAbraham bar LipehAbraham of Beth RabbanAbraham of KashkarAbraham of NathparAbrohom II GharībAbrohom NaḥshirtonoAbū al-Faraj ʿAbd Allāh Ibn al-Ṭayyib see Ibn al-Ṭayyib Acacius see Aqaq Acts of Mari see Mari, Acts ofActs of Thomas see Thomas, Acts ofAddai, Teaching ofAdiabeneAesopAḥiqarAḥob QaṭrayaAḥudemmehAḥudemmeh of BaladAitalahaAksnoyo see Philoxenos of Mabbug Albonesi, Teseo Ambrogio degliAleppoAlexander CycleAlexius see Man of God of Edessa Alphabet see Script, SyriacAlqoshAlqosh, School ofAmbrogio, Teseo see Albonesi, Teseo Ambrogio degli AmidʿAmīra, JirjisAmyūnal-AnbārAncient Church of the East see Church of the EastAntiochAnṭun of TagritApameaAphrahaṭAphrem see Ephrem ApocalypsesAqaqArabic, Syriac translations fromAramaicArameansArbelaAristides of AthensAristotleArmalah, IsḥāqArmenian Christianity, Syriac contacts withArt and architectureAsʿad, GabrielAssemani, EliaAssemani, Joseph AloysiusAssemani, Josephus SimoniusAssemani, Stephanus EvodiusAssfalg, JuliusAssyrian Church of the East see Church of the EastAssyrian Orphanage and School Association of America see Taw Mim SimkathAssyriansAthanasios I GamoloAthanasios II of BaladAthanasios AṣlanAthanasius of AlexandriaAudo, TomaAwgen, MarAydin, NuʿmānAyyub, Barsoum
B (57)C (28)D (40)E (32)F (6)G (32)H (23)I (33)J (20)K (13)L (12)M (55)N (21)O (4)P (31)Q (12)R (9)S (81)T (38)U (1)V (5)W (3)X (1)Y (41)Z (6)Back Matter (8)
URI   TEI/XML   Purchase  

Resources related to 1 other topics in this article.

Show Other Resources