Ishoʿdnaḥ (9th cent.) [Ch. of E]

Metropolitan of Prat d-Mayshan (Baṣra) and author. His Ktābā d-nakputā ‘Book of Chastity’ (Liber Castitatis) concerns monastic foundations, mostly of the late Sasanian and early Arab periods. The work consists of 140 short notices about monastic figures, mostly founders of monasteries, beginning with Mar Awgen (traditionally dated to the 4th cent.) and continuing until the mid 9th cent. It has also been suggested (by Nautin) that he was the author of the Chronicle of Siirt, which survives only in Arabic (ed. A. Scher, in PO 4.3 [1907], 5.2 [1910], 7.2 [1910], and 13.4 [1918]); though it is not impossible, the suggestion remains doubtful. Ishoʿdnaḥ is also the author of a long poem (unpublished) on Mar Yawnan, founder of a famous monastery near al-Anbār. Several further works by him, including an Ecclesiastical History and a treatise on logic, have not been preserved.

    Primary Sources

    • P.  Bedjan, Liber Superiorum, seu Historia Monastica, auctore Thoma, episcopo Margensi (1901), 437–517.
    • J.-B.  Chabot, ‘Livre de la Chasteté, composé par Jesusdenah, Évêque de Basra’, École Française de Rome. Mélanges d’archéologie et d’histoire 16 (1896), 1–79, 225–91.
    • P.  Cheikho, al-Duyūra fī mamlakatay al-furs wal-ʿarab (1939). (AT)

    Secondary Sources

    • J.-M.  Fiey, ‘Ishoʿdenah, métropolite de Basra et son oeuvre’, OS 11 (1966), 431–50.
    • J.-M.  Fiey   ‘Ishoʿdnah et la Chronique de Séert’, ParOr 6/7 (1975/6), 447–59.
    • P.  Nautin, ‘L’auteur de la “Chronique de Séert”: Ishoʿdnah de Basra’, RHR 186 (1974), 113–26. (also 199 [1982], 313–4)


How to Cite This Entry

Sebastian P. Brock , “Ishoʿdnaḥ,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay, https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishodnah.

Footnote Style Citation with Date:

Sebastian P. Brock , “Ishoʿdnaḥ,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishodnah.

Bibliography Entry Citation:

Brock, Sebastian P. “Ishoʿdnaḥ.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishodnah.

A TEI-XML record with complete metadata is available at https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishodnah/tei.

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