Ishoʿyahb bar Malkon Īshūʿyāb, Yashūʿyāb b. Malkūn (late 12th – early 13th cent.) [Ch. of E.]
Bp. of Mardin; metropolitan bp. of Nisibis; author, mostly writing in Arabic. He originated from the Nisibis region. He first became bp. of Mardin under the name Yawsep, and took the name Ishoʿyahb when he became ‘metropolitan bp. of Nisibis and Armenia’ (after the E.-Syr. metropolitan see of Khilat had been given up and added to Nisibis). Wright assumes that he became bp. of Nisibis in 1190; as bp. of Nisibis he is attested under Cath. Sabrishoʿ IV (1222–25); he must have died before 1233 (Teule 2006, 246).
While still bp. of Mardin, he wrote a metrical tract on points, ‘Net of points’ (Mṣidtā d-nuqze), divided in eight sections, which in mss. is often transmitted alongside the grammatical works of Eliya of Nisibis and Yoḥannan bar Zoʿbi (e.g., ms. Brit. Libr. Add. 25,876: Wright, Catalogue, vol. 3, 1175a–1179a). A further grammatical work on Syriac, ‘Elucidation in Syriac grammar’ (Manhrānuthā ba-grammaṭiqi suryāytā) is in two columns, Syr. and Arabic (e.g., ms. Paris, 370: Briquel Chatonnet, Manuscrits syriaques, 43–4; and Tübingen, Ms. or. Quart. 1050: Assfalg, Syrische Handschriften, 106–8). His other works, mostly of theological or polemical content, as well as his letters are in Arabic, often with introductory formulas in Syriac. Some of his Arabic works exhibit knowledge of Arabic philosophy (Teule 2006).
- Baumstark, Literatur, 309–10.
- Graf, GCAL,vol. 1, 164–5; vol. 2, 208–10.
- Fiey, Nisibe, métropole syriaque orientale, 105–7.
- H. Teule, ‘A theological treatise by Išoʿyahb bar Malkon preserved in the theological compendium Asfār al-Asrār’, JEastCS 58 (2006), 235–52, esp. 245–52.
- H. Teule, ‘Išoʿyahb bar Malkon’s treatise on the veneration of the holy icons’, in Christians and Muslims in Dialogue in the Islamic Orient of the Middle Ages, ed. M. Tamcke (BTS 117; 2007), 157–69.
- Wright, A short history of Syriac literature, 256–57.
How to Cite This Entry
Footnote Style Citation with Date:
Lucas Van Rompay , “Ishoʿyahb bar Malkon,” in Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition, edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay (Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018), https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishoyahb-bar-Malkon.
Bibliography Entry Citation:
Van Rompay, Lucas. “Ishoʿyahb bar Malkon.” In Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Edited by Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts, George A. Kiraz and Lucas Van Rompay. Digital edition prepared by David Michelson, Ute Possekel, and Daniel L. Schwartz. Gorgias Press, 2011; online ed. Beth Mardutho, 2018. https://gedsh.bethmardutho.org/Ishoyahb-bar-Malkon.
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